成田で米入国事前審査 日本人の手続き簡便に

米国土安全保障省は29日、日本の成田空港など外国の10空港に担当官を派遣し、米国行き航空機の搭乗前に乗客の入国審査を済ます「プレクリアランス」(事前審査)を導入する計画を発表した。日本人にとっては米入国手続きの壁が低くなりそうだ。導入時期は日米当局が今後の交渉で決める。

導入を検討するのは成田のほか、英国、ベルギー、オランダ、スペインなどの各空港。各国当局と導入時期や条件を詰める。現在はカナダなど6カ国の15空港で実施済みだ。今回、新たに対象とした成田など10空港から2014年に渡米した乗客は延べ約2千万人に上るという。

日本で唯一の候補となっている成田に導入されると、常駐する米国の担当官が、通常は米国到着後に実施する入国審査や通関、検疫といった一通りの手続きを成田の搭乗前に済ます。乗客は米国で飛行機を降りた後、入国審査の長蛇の列に並ぶ必要がなくなる。韓国などとの乗客獲得競争が激しくなるなかで、成田も旅客サービス向上へ導入を求めていた。

米国はさらに入国時に自動認証機械を使って簡略な審査で済ます「グローバル・エントリー・プログラム」の対象国にも日本を加えることにしている。搭乗客が事前に個人情報を登録しておくと米国に到着後、担当官との対面でなく「キオスク」と呼ばれる自動認証機械を使い、迅速に入国手続きを済ませられる。

現在、米国民以外に永住権所持者や韓国など一部の外国国民にだけ登録が認められており、日本側が参加を強く求めていた。日米相互の人的交流拡大に向け、両当局が調整中だ。

アメリカの入国審査でレッドカードを貰って別室送り その2 解決編

アメリカの入国審査でレッドカードを貰って別室送りの経験はありますか?

アメリカには百回位、入国していますので、私も何度となくあります。主な理由は下記があります。何れも、一回、リストに載ってしまうと永遠にレッドカードです。

1. 過去にビザ無し入国(ESTAやビザウイエバー)にも関わらず、アメリカ国内に90日間を超えて滞在したことがある。過去にI94のカードがあった時代に、出国時に空港のチェックインで返却しないで、日本に帰国した場合もこれに該当します。アメリカからカナダなどに一時行く場合、よくこのミスが発生しました。

2. ビザ無しにも関わらず、アメリカ入国が頻繁で、入国理由が曖昧。ビジネスでもビジネス内容が不明確。プライベートでもアメリカに来すぎ。

3. テロや安全保障上の問題のある人物の名前などと一致。疑わしい場合。

4. 税関でフレッシュフルーツなどの動植物など持ち込み不可のものを没収されたことがある。または、それに伴う罰金を払った事がある。

5. 税関やセキュリティー検査で銃器や麻薬などの法律に抵触するような重大な持ち込み不可のものを検出された。没収や罰金または拘束された。

6. アメリカに入国する目的が不明確もしくは怪しい。大量の荷物保持。移民ビザが無いにも関わらず、アメリカにこのまま不法滞在して住んでしまう可能性が類推される。

——————————————————————————————-

私の場合は1のケースと4のケースでレッドカードで別室送りをしばらくされた経験がありますが、いずれも解除してもらいました。今は大丈夫です。

1のケースでは、シカゴからカナダのトロントに行き、またシカゴに戻って東京に帰国するつもりが、トロントからカナディアン航空で直接、東京に帰国してしまったことがあります。従って、シカゴでI94をピックアップしていなかったのでI94を返却せずに帰国。ビザ無しにも関わらず、90日以上アメリカ国内に滞在したように誤解された訳です。L1ビザを取得する時に過去の出入国記録を全て提出して精査した結果、この疑いが晴れて、クリアされました。

4のケースは羽田空港のラウンジで食べる筈のミカンをカバンに入れたままアメリカの税関検査を通り、X-Rayで検出。ヒステリックな白人女性検査官に、罵られた挙句に罰金でした。その後、数回に渡ってレッドカードで別室送りでしたが、ある日、親切なレッドカード審査をしていた親切な中国系アメリカ人の入国審査官が、「こんな些細な理由でレッドカードは全く馬鹿げている。」と言ってその場で解除してくれました。
こういう親切な審査官に会えなかった場合の対処の方法は以下に記載します。こちらで、4のケースのように軽微なものは申請することによって、解除されることもあります。英文の文章の書き方などが、きちんと明確かつ簡潔であるなど相手が良く分かるように書く必要があります。私もここから申請して解除してもらった経験があります。

http://www.dhs.gov/dhs-trip
https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/11

DHS Traveler Redress Inquiry Program (DHS TRIP)
File a Complaint /Apply for Redress

Go to DHS TRIP

The Department of Homeland Security Traveler Redress Inquiry Program (DHS TRIP) is a single point of contact for individuals who have inquiries or seek resolution regarding difficulties they experienced during their travel screening at transportation hubs—like airports and train stations—or crossing U.S. borders, including:

watch list issues
screening problems at ports of entry
situations where travelers believe they have been unfairly or incorrectly delayed, denied boarding or identified for additional screening at our nation’s transportation hubs
DHS TRIP is part of an effort by the departments of State and Homeland Security to welcome legitimate travelers while still securing our country from those who want to do us harm.

Who Should Use DHS TRIP?

People who have been denied or delayed airline boarding; have been denied or delayed entry into or exit from the U.S. at a port of entry or border crossing; or have been repeatedly referred to additional (secondary) screening can file an inquiry to seek redress.

How does DHS TRIP work?

DHS TRIP routes your redress request to the appropriate office for review and adjudication. When you apply for redress, you will be assigned a record identifier or Redress Control Number.

You should keep your redress control number. You can use it to look up your complaint status online and to book airline tickets after your complaint is resolved.

How is redress information used?

The Department of Homeland Security safeguards the privacy of any personal information that you provide in your inquiry to DHS TRIP. The information that you provide will be used only to process your request for redress. More information on DHS TRIP and your privacy.

trip@dhs.gov

Last Published Date: October 29, 2012

アメリカ連邦政府機関のシャットダウン 10月1日からの予定

http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/contingency-plans
出典 ワシントンポスト紙 9月25日

A government shutdown next week would interrupt some services and potentially jeopardize the paychecks of more than 800,000 federal workers. The Office of Management and Budget has asked agencies to begin making contingency plans. Their first stop will be their plans from 2011. The federal government does not stop functioning completely, and by law, certain agencies must operate with unsalaried employees. They include those that deal with national security and the safety of people and property, as well as those that manage benefits such as Social Security payments. Here’s what some agencies have said about their plans this time around.

We will add more information as it is available.
Commerce
Courts
Defense
Education
Energy
EPA
Federal Reserve
HHS
DHS
FDA
HUD
Interior
Justice
Labor
NIH
SEC
Smithsonian
State
Supreme Court
Treasury
VA

Department of Commerce
商務省
Overall impact
Officials at the Commerce Department would not discuss their current plans for a shutdown.
Impact on workers
A detailed plan prepared in 2011 indicated that about two-thirds of the agency’s 46,000 employees would be idle.
The major exceptions: Roughly 10,000 employees at the U.S. Patent Office would continue working because the agency would be able to draw on reserves generated by the fees it collects. If the shutdown is prolonged, the patent office would have to close. Some 5,700 employees at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration would stay on the job because their collection and dissemination of weather and other data are considered necessary “to protect life and property.”

Federal courts
連邦裁判時所
Overall impact
According to Judge John D. Bates, Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, Federal Courts could continue to operate for approximately two weeks with reserve funds.
Impact on workers
After reserve funds are depleted, only essential employees would continue to work. Each court would have flexibility in determining which employees are essential other than judges, who will work.

Department of Defense
国防総省
Overall impact
The Defense Department would continue to conduct military operations and training exercises.
Impact on workers
All 1.4 million active-duty uniformed military personnel would stay on the job. As for the roughly 800,000 civilian employees, the Pentagon has not yet determined how many would be classified as essential. The most recent time a shutdown loomed, in 2011, about half of the civilians were deemed essential.
All active-duty members are paid on the first and 15th of every month. In the event of a shutdown, they would be paid Oct. 1 for the previous two weeks of work, but the following paycheck would be at risk for delay if the government closure is prolonged.

Department of Education
教育省
Overall impact
The department would still distribute $22 billion to public schools that is normally obligated on Oct. 1. This represents the second half of 2013 funding already appropriated by Congress to help educate poor and disabled K-12 students as well to fund career and technical education programs. This funding does not require further Congressional authorization.
Impact on workers
If the shutdown lasts a week, approximately 212 of the department’s 4,225 full and part-time employees will be working. Another 30 employees may be called to work if the shutdown lasts longer than a week.
Pell Grants and Federal Direct Student Loans would continue to be processed, although payments may slow if there are fewer employees to process them. Other grant programs that use dollars that have previously been appropriated will continue, including Race to the Top, Investing in Innovation, and Promise Neighborhoods.

Department of Energy
エネルギー省
Overall impact
Most of the Department of Energy’s activities would cease during the shutdown, with big exceptions for the office overseeing the safety of the nation’s nuclear arsenal and the administrators in charge of dams and transmission lines around the country.
Impact on workers
The Department of Energy currently has 13,814 employees. During a shutdown, all but 1,113 would be sent home, according to a contingency plan the agency recently posted on its website.
Some 343 employees would stay to work at the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the nation’s nuclear weapons and naval reactor programs. And more than 400 employees would stay on to work at the Southwestern Power Administration and the Western Area Power Administration, which are in charge of overseeing hydroelectric power and transmission lines in the South and Western United States. The agency would also keep on a few employees in each of its dozens of offices mainly to oversee “the protection of human life and property.”

Environmental Protection Agency
環境保全庁
Overall impact
On Monday, Gina McCarthy, administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, said her department would all but close in the event of a government shutdown. “EPA effectively shuts down, with only a core group that are there in the event of an emergency,” McCarthy told reporters at a breakfast hosted by the Christian Science Monitor.
Impact on workers
Pressed on the number of people who would be furloughed, McCarthy offered no specifics but said the “vast majority of people” would not be paid if there were no government budget.
McCarthy said the EPA would retain enough workers to “keep the lights on and respond in the event of a significant emergency.”

The Federal Reserve
連邦準備銀行
Overall impact
The Federal Reserve is self-funded and would remain open and operational.
Impact on workers
No impacts.

Department of Health and Human Services
保健省
Overall impact
The Department of Health and Human said Friday that a government shutdown could mean furloughing 40,512 staff, while retaining 37,686.
Impact on workers
While the agency would be sending home more than half of its workers, the lack of funding would nto affect various offices equally. For instance, HHS said “grant-making and employee-intensive agencies” such as the Administration for Children and Families and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration would have to furlough “the vast majority of their staff.”
Many parts of HHS would linger in a state between full functioning and total shutdown. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention would continue “minimal support to protect the health and well-being of U.S. citizens,” but it would have a “significantly reduced capacity” to respond to outbreaks and would be unable to support its annual flu program.

Department of Homeland Security
国家安全保障省
Overall impact
According to 2011 contingency plans, most DHS employees would not be impacted.
Impact on workers
The Department of Homeland Security’s 2011 contingency plan designated about 84 percent of the agency’s rougly 230,000 employees as “essential,” meaning they would have remained on the job for the “safety of human life or protection of property.” Some of those workers would have also been part of an “emergency relocation group” that responds to possible emergency situations.
Among DHS components, the Transportation Security Administration would have retained about 87 percent of its workforce under a 2011 shutdown, while about 74 percent of Federal Emergency Management Agency and 84 percent of both Coast Guard and Customs and Border Protection employees would have remained on the job. Topping the list with the highest percentage would have been U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, at 98 percent, followed by the Secret Service, with 89 percent.

Food and Drug Administration
食料医薬品庁
Overall impact
The FDA would continue “limited activities” at programs that are funded through industry user fees, and would continue “select vital activities” such as handling high-risk recalls of tainted food or drugs. Officials said the FDA would be unable to keep up the majority of its food safety, nutrition and cosmetics oversight.
Impact on workers
The agency would be forced to furlough 6,620 workers, or about 45 percent of its 14,779-person workforce.
The agency would have to cease routine inspections, monitoring of imports and “the majority of the laboratory research necessary to inform public health decision-making.”

Department of Housing and Urban Development
住居都市開発省
Overall impact
The agency’s contingency plan said that just 379 of 8,709 employees would be expected to work during a shutdown.
Impact on workers
The vast majority of HUD’s agencies would be staffed by skeleton crews, with the exception of Ginne Mae, the mortgage guarantee agency, where 43 of 108 employees would be expected to report to work. While Ginne Mae and many of the department’s homelessness programs would continue to operate, many other agencies functions would be suspended.
HUD would not provide local housing authorities with additional money for choice housing vouchers. Meanwhile, the nation’s 3,300 public housing authorities would not receive payments from HUD although most of those agencies have enough money to continue providing tenant rental assitance through October.

Department of Interior
内務省
Overall impact
The Department of the Interior oversees the nation’s parks, wildlife and a host of issues focused on protecting the country’s “natural resources and heritage.” During a partial shutdown, it would be operating with a significantly smaller workforce and national parks would be closed to the public. Agencies under its authority: National Park Service; U.S. Geological Survey; Fish and Wildlife Service; Bureau of Indian Affairs; Bureau of Ocean Energy Management; Bureau of Land Management; Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; and Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement.
Impact on workers
The Department of Interior has a total of 72,562 employees. More than 58,000 employees would be facing furloughs, and those remaining on the job as exempted workers (6,306) have mostly law enforcement and security-related duties.

Department of Justice
司法省
Overall impact
The Department Of Justice is comprised of about 40 divisions that have a broad array of national security, law enforcement and criminal justice responsibilities. Because of that, the it has a high percentage of activities and employees that are excepted from a government shutdown.
Impact on workers
Of 114,486 employees, an estimated 96,744 will be excepted from furlough under the Justice Department plan. Approximately 17,742 employees would be subject to possible furlough.
All Federal Bureau of Investigation agents and support personnel in the field are exempt from the furlough because the operations of the Bureau are focused on national security and investigations involving protection of life and property. All agents in the Drug Enforcement Administration field organization are exempt from the furlough because they are working on active counternarcotics investigations. All agents in the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives are also exampt, as are U.S. attorneys across the country, all staff at federal prisons and the chairman and commissioners of the U.S. Parole Commission.

Department of Labor
労働省
Overall impact
Officials at the Department of Labor would not discuss their current plans for a shutdown.
Impact on workers
A detailed plan prepared in 2011 indicated that roughly 3,000 of the agency’s 16,116 employees would work during a shutdown. Those employees largely work in public safety and health at the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the Mine Safety and Health Administration.
Those furloughed include employees working at the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Employment and Training Administration. However, Job Corps centers, which train about 60,000 disadvantaged youth across the country each year, would remain open.

National Institutes of Health
保健省
Overall impact
NIH declined to share the details of their 2013 plans but according to the 2011 plan the NIH Clinical Center would continue to provide direct medical services and maintain research protocols for current patients but would not admit any new patients or initiate any new clinical trials.
Impact on workers
Under the 2011 plan, 2,564 staff NIH members would be excepted for the provision of patient care, 982 to protect property related to on-going medical experiments, 652 for maintenance of animals and protection of inanimate government property and 235 to maintain computerized systems to support research and clinical patient care.

Securities and Exchange Commission
証券取引所
Overall impact
The filings the SEC receives from corporations – everything from financial reports to initial public offerings – will still be automatically published on the agency’s Website. But the staff will not be able to review the information or provide interpretive advice.
Impact on workers
Not available.

Smithsonian
スミソニアン
Overall impact
Essentially, all Smithsonian institutions, museums and zoos will be closed every day the shutdown is in effect.
Impact on workers
“The only federal employees that can work are the exempted or previously approved which includes security, maintenance and the Zoo employees that are responsible for the care of the animals,” Linda St. Thomas, Chief Spokesperson for the Smithsonian Institution said.

Department of State
国務省
Overall impact
The State Department, which receives funding in the annual State, Foreign Operations and Related Appropriations Act, will be able to operate for a limited time.
Impact on workers
Activities carried out by the Bureau of Consular Affairs, both domestically and abroad, are fee-funded and will continue operations. The Department will continue passport operations and visa issuance overseas.
Some passport offices are located in federal buildings that may be forced to shut down during a lapse in appropriations, due to a lack of building support services. Embassies and consulates overseas will continue to provide American citizen services.

Supreme Court
最高裁判所
Overall impact
A government shutdown is not likely to affect the Supreme Court, at least immediately, as the court’s new term is scheduled to start Oct. 7. The court has made no official announcement, but it continued to operate during previous government shutdowns.
Impact on workers
Not available.

Department of the Treasury
財務省
Overall impact
The Treasury Department would continue disbursements of Social Security funds, automated revenue collections and the work of daily cash management for the government, in addition to paying interest on the federal debt. But the department’s largest component, the Internal Revenue Service, would cease some of its key functions such as audits, examinations of returns, processing of paper returns, and call-center operations for taxpayers with questions.
Impact on workers
About 88 percent of the 101,000 employees working for Treasury Department agencies would be placed on furlough, including nearly 90 percent of the IRS workforce. About 8,800 of the IRS’s 95,000 employees would remain at work for “excepted” roles such as law enforcement — considered necessary to protect life and property — or because their positions are paid for by funds outside of congressional appropriations, among other reasons. Most headquarters and administrative employees would be furloughed, according to the agency’s contingency plan.

Department of Veteran Affairs
退役軍人省
Overall impact
Medical services offered by the Department of Veterans Affairs would not be affected by a shutdown. Benefits programs would probably be affected. The VA’s regional offices handling disability claims would have limited services, and the Veterans Benefits Administration would be unable to process education and rehabilitation benefits. The Board of Veterans’ Appeals would be unable to hold hearings.
Impact on workers
The VA projects that 95 percent of its 332,000 employees are exempt from furlough, including the 289,000 employees who work for the Veterans Health Administration.
The department estimates that 14,224 of its employees face furlough, including more than 7,200 who work for the Veterans Benefits Administration, 3,200 IT workers and more than 1,000 who work for the National Cemetery Administration.

SOURCE: Post reports. GRAPHIC: Masuma Ahuja and Darla Cameron – The Washington Post. Published Sept. 25, 2013.

20130930-005419.jpg

USCIS Seattle Office (Tukwila) & ボーイング787 1号機と2号機

曇り

今朝はUSCIS Seattle Officeで9時のアポイントメントに行ってきました。シアトルで124番のバスにのって30分。Tukwila Intnl & 124thで降りると目の前です。〔便利ですねぇ。)アポイントメント レターの名前にtypoがあり、私が持参したグリーンカードとの照合作業などで一手間かかりましたが、指を一本一本180度指紋採取、顔写真撮影など1時間以上かかりました。

行きと帰りにボーイングフィールドの横を通るのですが、ボーイングの新型旅客機の787の1号機、2号機、747-8 Int’lが駐機していました。787の全日空へのディバリー機材も日曜日までは駐機していたのですが、今日はテストフライトでもしているのかいませんでした。シアトルの上空は787のテストフライト機だらけです、最近は。

途中、パイオニアスクエアのグランドセントラル ベーカリーでベーコンエッグボロ(上記写真)を食べてしまいました。美味しかったぁ。

夕方はベルビュークラブで1300メートル泳いできました。

グリーンカード到着

 
曇り
 
今日は11時間ほど会社で働きました。といっても、それ程、時間のプレッシャーがありませんので何ともないです。
 
グリーンカードが本日到着しました。実物を見るのは初めてです。噂では、今はピンク色をしていて緑色をしていないということでした。実際の色は薄い黄色です。だからと言って、イエローカードなんていうと何か違反切符みたいですけどね。個人情報と各種セキュリティー情報が満載なので、残念ながら写真は掲載できませんが、表面は左側に写真、中央部には国家安全保障省のマークとそれに重なって生年月日や登録番号、生まれた国、有効期限。そして右側は人差し指の指紋です。(何か犯罪者扱いですね。)下の方には各種暗号???裏面は、アメリカ合衆国 国家安全保障省 永住者カードと上部に書かれており、また「このカードに記載された人は米国内で働き、住み続けられます。」と文言。その下は薄い銅色の金属シートみたいなのがカードに埋め込まれていて、その薄い金属シートに登録番号、写真、名前や各種暗号が刻み込まれています。
 
州の運転免許証や非移民ビザなどがチャチに見えるくらい、何だか物々しい雰囲気です。
 
このカードと一緒に各種の印刷物が入っていまして、その一つに「Welcome to the United States - A Guidel for New Immigrants (合衆国移民局)」という冊子があります。そこには近い将来アメリカ国民になるための手続きや気構え?みたなのが書かれています。(グリーンカードを使って事無く5年住むと、アメリカ国籍を持てます。)アメリカは基本的には、二重国籍を否定していませんので二重国籍の人が結構います。日本人の場合は日本政府が二重国籍を認めていませんので、アメリカ人でかつ日本人という人は、「原則として」いないことになっています。(日本人の親の下に米国内で生まれた、21歳以下の人は除く。国籍の概念が日本とアメリカでは多少違いまして、アメリカは出生地で、日本は血統(親)で国籍の有無を決めています。)
 
しかし、原則としてとわざわざ記載しましたとおり、現実には「他国の国籍を自ら取得した場合は、日本国籍を除籍するように届けなければならない」という法律らしいので、届けなければ二重国籍を維持でき、また、日本政府はアメリカ政府に「あのぉ、うちの国民のこの人、アメリカ人ですか?」なんて聞けませんし、アメリカ政府もそんな質問には回答しませんし回答する義務もないらしいので、実際にはアメリカ人兼日本人という方は結構いるらしいです。ペルーのフジモリ元大統領も日本国籍もってるそうですよ。
 
まだまだ、この手のうんちく話はあるのですが、本日は眠いので、ここまで。